Quantum Computing News 30 Jan 2024
Quantum error correction company Riverlane and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) are collaborating to develop efficient quantum algorithms for plasma dynamics simulation.
This is part of the U.S. Department of Energy’s Fusion Energy Sciences (FES) program, which aims to expand understanding of high-temperature, high-density matter and develop a fusion energy source. Hari Krovi, principal quantum scientist at Riverlane, believes the project could unlock useful quantum applications in areas like fluid dynamics. Riverlane is also developing the Quantum Error Correction Stack to control unstable qubits and correct system errors.
Riverlane and MIT Join Forces for Quantum Algorithm Development
Researchers from Riverlane, a company specializing in quantum error correction, and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology’s (MIT) Plasma Science and Fusion Center (PSFC) have embarked on a collaborative project. The project, funded by the U.S. Department of Energy’s Fusion Energy Sciences (FES) program, aims to develop efficient quantum algorithms for the simulation of plasma dynamics.
The FES program has two primary objectives: to deepen our understanding of matter at extremely high temperatures and densities, and to accumulate the knowledge necessary for the development of a fusion energy source. Fusion energy is recognized as one of the 14 Grand Challenges for Engineering in the 21st Century by the National Academy of Engineering. The FES program is the most significant federal government supporter of research aimed at overcoming the remaining hurdles to this challenge.
Quantum Computing and Plasma Dynamics
Quantum computers could play a crucial role in this research. Many plasma systems are governed by differential equations, such as the Vlasov equation, which provides a statistical description of the collective behavior of a plasma. The project will concentrate on developing efficient quantum algorithms and data-loading subroutines to tackle these equations.
Hari Krovi, a principal quantum scientist at Riverlane, expressed his excitement about the collaboration with MIT and the potential implications of the project. He noted that the work in developing quantum algorithms for differential equations could also be applied in other areas with similar equations, such as fluid dynamical equations used in the design of vehicles and oceanographic applications.
Riverlane’s Quantum Error Correction Stack
Riverlane is currently developing the Quantum Error Correction Stack, a technology designed to control inherently unstable qubits and correct system errors at an impressive rate of ten billion times or more per second. The company collaborates with leading laboratories, quantum hardware companies, and governments to develop both quantum algorithms and quantum error correction techniques to optimize the efficiency of qubits.
The Potential Impact of the Project
The project has the potential to unlock useful quantum applications sooner than expected. For instance, the quantum algorithms developed for differential equations could be used in predicting tidal waves and the movement of glaciers, as well as in the design of cars, airplanes, and spacecrafts. This collaboration between Riverlane and MIT, supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, could significantly advance our understanding of plasma dynamics and bring us closer to realizing the potential of fusion energy.